Home | Books | Articles | Shopping | View Cart | Contact | Site Map | Search
Paula says - "We understand that the hallmark "Effie C Zuni" is being used by Debbie Candelaria, a granddaughter of Zuni artist Effie Calavaza. Debbie is using the traditional family stamp "EFFIE C ZUNI" but personalizing it by using upper lower case letters.
"Are you wondering why this item is not described as Native American? You can find the answer by clicking here."
Bright red coral eyes.
3/16" bail opening will accomodate a chain or cable.
(Sterling silver cable shown here is not included.)
About the Symbol of the Snake
You'll probably never see snakes used in Navajo jewelry but they are often seen in Zuni jewelry.
The snake in some Native American tribes is considered to represent the same properties as lightning or the lightning arrow. They often have a similar visual form. The snake does not symbolize anything negative or treacherous. Rather, the snake represents abundant rainfall and fertility. Other tribes use the snake as a healing image or for swiftness in battle.
We here in Colorado live with snakes - they are part of the landscape and ecosystem. Since our climate is semi-arid, we welcome the abundant rainfall the snake might bring.
Why isn't this item called Native American?
The US Department of the Interior Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 and its recent Amendments require that items described as Native American or Indian be made by an enrolled member of a federally recognized tribe. Furthermore, government regulations suggest that all attributions include the Native American Indian's name, tribe and federal tribal enrollment number. Because it is impossible to identify the artist for many vintage items, even if they are authentic Indian made items, we cannot and will not use the words Native American or Indian in association with such pieces.