Paula says - "There is some confusion in the references we checked as to whether the Z in the ZB hallmark stands for Zearl, Zeta, Zeita or Zieta Begay. We are going with Zeita Begay."
TURQUOISE is associated with the sky, and bringing sky energy to earth. It is known as a master healer stone as it is believed to help speed the healing process. It is also thought that turquoise can help promote honest and clear communication from the heart.
Turquoise comes in all shades of blue, to blue-green and it is the natural variations in turquoise that make it appealing. The color of turquoise in American Indian jewelry ranges from brownish green to bright blue. Found in veins sandwiched in between layers of mother rock, turquoise can show some of the influence of the mother rock in its matrix or veining. The matrix colors range from blue to golden brown to black and sometimes with golden flecks. Many people prefer turquoise with matrix over clear stones. Read more about stones.
What is stabilized turquoise?
Turquoise used in Native American jewelry, such as earrings, barrettes, rings and necklaces, is often stabilized. This means that the natural turquoise has been treated with a stabilizing agent that seals the pores of the stone so it will not change color or fracture. This allows the artist to use smaller turquoise beads and pieces that would otherwise fracture if not stabilized. It also means your turquoise jewelry will look just as bright and beautiful years from now as from the day you purchased it. Natural turquoise, although beautiful, can deteriorate over time, losing color and stability. Most Native American heishi and nugget necklaces use stabilized turquoise for this reason. Read more about heishi here: All About Heishi.
What is Petit Point?
There are two similar techniques of using very small pieces of stone to decorate a piece and they are often confused.
Petit Point is comprised of long , narrow teardrop-shaped stones that have one rounded end and one more pointed end.
Needle Point is comprised of straight, long, narrow stones that are pointed on both ends.