thank you so much for creating and maintaining such an extensive informative website.
This is a tremendous and very precious resource for every rider and horse owner.
many of your other readers, I have a question regarding a spooky horse and after
reading your related articles, I still feel Id like to send you my specific
issue hoping that perhaps you have another tip for me.
have a 5-year-old fairly inexperienced filly who shies on the trail. Having known
me since she was only a few hours old, she trusts me completely. I have done a
lot of groundwork with her (including sacking out, just like you describe it in
your article). At age 4, I asked the rancher to start riding her and to give me
arena lessons to improve my own skills so I don't make mistakes with such a young
horse. I have been riding her for the last 2 years myself, always starting in
the arena before we ride out on the trail. I try to have another rider on an older
calm horse with me and when Im alone, I ride one of my other horses and
just lead her along so she can get used to the sights and sounds and wildlife.
(Note: Were in a remote area of British Columbia, Canada, none of my three
horses has ever seen a stable, and both my mare and filly were born on the open
She is calm and willing in the arena
but very nervous in the forest. She shies away from tree trunks and large rocks,
sometimes even the sudden appearance of her own shadow. Usually, Im able
to stay in the saddle and remain calm. Its not too bad when shes following
another horse, but its terrible when I ride her in the lead. I have experienced
spookiness with her mother, whom I purchased at a young age and she naturally
settled down over time. However, this filly is much more athletic and extremely
fast, and every once in a while she shies so hard that can't stay in the saddle
(and I'm not the only one). She sort of sucks back, spins, and takes
off in the opposite direction within a split second. I have landed pretty hard
several times and even torn an MCL once. I am not afraid of riding her but dont
want to get injured again either.
So, my question
is, do you have any suggestions? Is there a way to teach her to spook in
place rather than spin and run?
you in advance for your time!
First of all, I'm sorry it has taken me so
long to answer your question. It is a good one.
in the case of extreme spooking, be sure there is not a problem with your horse's
vision. If your horse spooks from one side and not the other, and especially if
you see any
unusual marks or cloudy areas in your horse's eyes, you might want your veterinarian
to take a look at her eyes for damage. Horses have blind spots and vision that
is different than ours so be sure you understand how your horse sees - I discuss
this in How to Think
Like a Horse.
The best way to prepare your horse
and yourself for these unexpected sights on the trail is to set things up in your
arena to simulate the bears she is imagining when she sees a tree stump.
are such creatures of habit that if she is used to going along in your arena day
after day with things virtually unchanged, if you add something new every day,
you will build up her tolerance for these visual surprises. And it will give you
a more controlled format to learn how to deal with her usual reaction.
like to start out by hanging a jacket or blanket on the rail, then add something
on the ground like a bright white bucket "out of place". You can get
creative by devising things that you know YOUR horse might react to - perhaps
tie a helium balloon on one of the rails, or teach her to approach a person that
is opening and closing an umbrella. And of course, once a horse is used to a certain
thing in a certain spot, all you have to do is move it to get their attention
While you are unlikely to encounter buckets
and umbrellas in the forest, using them as props can help you learn to predict
your horse and to develop desirable patterns in your horse and you.
before you get started, here are a couple of reminders:
never want to intentionally scare your horse.
want your horse to be able to trust your judgment so never ask her to approach
or walk over something dangerous.
small and gradually build your horse's tolerance to odd things.
might choose to lead her past these things in your arena before riding her past
them. And like you do on the trail, it helps to have a calm, seasoned horse nearby
as a role model.
plan in mind for when she whirls - if she tends to usually go to the right, be
ready for that with a solid seat slightly to the left and keep you legs long and
heels deep. Also be ready with the opposing rein, especially if you use a snaffle
- if the horse whirls to the right, have the left rein ready to hold her straight.
other thing you should emphasize in your arena work - forward motion. Be sure
you can send your horse forward to any gait and within any gait. In other words,
be sure she positively knows to move forward from your seat and leg aids. Work
to develop upward transitions with instant response from your horse:
walk to trot
Then, be sure
you can extend the walk, extend the trot and extend the canter or lope. What does
this have to do with spooking? Usually when horses spook, they do "suck back"
like you say and try to retreat. This is a backward behavior. You want forward
thinking behavior. You want absolute obedience to forward movement and the best
way to instill this in your horse is by frequent repetition of forward moving
exercises. Not the same one over and over but a variety of them in a variety of
situations. To get some more ideas along this line, you can refer to 101
hope this helps and you have safe riding.
Please let me know how you make